China is becoming a superpower in many areas, including the global medical literature. In this article, we describe medical writing in China, with a focus on efforts to enhance the yin (quality) and yang (quantity) of publications. Quality encompasses integrity, so we also highlight how China, like many other countries around the world, is striving to enhance publication integrity. Finally, we explain how professional medical writers (whether working on publications from non-industry or industry research) can enhance the yin and yang of publications from China. Writers who have appropriate experience and cultural sensitivity will find such work challenging but rewarding.