Medical Writing Software for Medical Writers Origin and development of English for Medical Purposes. Part I: Research on written medical discourse

Volume 23, Issue 1 - Software for Medical Writers

Origin and development of English for Medical Purposes. Part I: Research on written medical discourse


In this two-part review, I present the birth and growth of ‘English for Medical Purposes’, a branch of applied linguistics. This first part summarises the research conducted on English-medium written medical discourse, from early register analysis in the mid-1980s that had a clear pedagogical aim (i.e. teaching reading English-language medical discourse to non-Anglophone medical students and health professionals) to more sophisticated genre and rhetorical studies later on.

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  10. Mungra P, Canziani T. Lexicographic studies in medicine: academic word lists for clinical case histories. Ibérica 2013;25:39–63.
  11. Salager-Meyer F. A text-type and move analysis study of verb tense and modality distribution in medical English abstracts. English Specific Purposes 1992;11(2):93–115.
  12. Salager-Meyer F. Discoursal flaws in Medical English abstracts: a genre analysis per research- and text-type. TEXT 1990;10(4):365–84.
  13. Salager-Meyer F, Alcaraz Ariza MA, Lewin B. Abstract quality in complementary and alternative medicine papers: a structural and cross-generic analysis. In: Bondi M, Lórez L. editors. The language and structure of abstracts: variation and change. Bern: Peter Lang; 2014, in press.
  14. Atkinson D. The evolution of medical research writing from 1735 to 1985: the case of the Edinburgh Medical Journal. Appl Linguistics 1992;13:337–44.
  15. Nwogu K. The medical research paper: structure and functions. English Specific Purposes 1997;29:43–53.
  16. Li L, Ge GC. Genre analysis: structural and linguistics evolution of the English-medium medical research article (1985–2004). English Specific Purposes 2009;28:93–104.
  17. Taavitsainen I, Pahta D. Conventions of professional writing: the medical case report in a historical perspective. JEnglish Linguistics 2000;28:60–76.
  18. Taavitsainen I. Medical case reports and scientific thought-styles. Rev Lenguas Fines Específicos 2011;17:75–98.
  19. Salager-Meyer F, Alcaraz Ariza MA, Luzardo Briceño M. The medical narrative from a diachronic perspective (1840–2009): titling practices and authorship. In: Gotti M, Sancho Guinda C. edtors Narratives in academic and professional genres. Bern: Peter Lang; 2012. p. 293–319.
  20. Salager-Meyer F, Alcaraz Ariza MA, Berbesí M. Collegiality, critique and the construction of scientific argumentation in medical book reviews: a diachronic approach. Journal of Pragmatics 2007;39:1758–74.
  21. Giannoni DS. ‘Don't be stupid about intelligent design’: confrontational impoliteness in medical journal editorials. In: Salager-Meyer F, Lewin BA. editors Crossed words: criticism in scholarly writing. Bern: Peter Lang; 2011. p. 79–98.
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  23. Mungra P. Macrostructure and rhetorical moves in secondary research articles: the meta-analysis and the systematic analysis. In: Gotti M, Salager-Meyer F. editors Advances in medical discourse analysis: oral and written contexts. Bern: Peter Lang; 2006. p. 331–57.
  24. Salager-Meyer F, Alcaraz Ariza MA, Pabón Berbesí M. Backstage solidarity in Spanish- and English-written medical research papers: publication context and the acknowledgment paratext. J Am Soc Inform Sci Technol 2009;60(2):307–317.
  25. Salager-Meyer F. Hedges and textual communicative function in medical English written discourse. English Specific Purposes 1994;13:149–170.
  26. Ferguson G. If you pop over there. A corpus-based study of conditionals in medical discourse. English Specific Purposes 2001;20:61–82.
  27. Salager-Meyer F, Alcaraz Ariza MA, Zambrano N. The scimitar, the dagger and the glove: intercultural differences in the rhetoric of criticism in Spanish, French and English medical discourse (1930–1995). English Specific Purposes 2003;22:223–47.
  28. Salager-Meyer F, Alcaraz Ariza MA, Pabón Berbesí M. Expert knowledge holders vs. factual reporters: critical voices in written medical genres. In: Salager-Meyer F, Lewin B. editors Crossed words: criticism in scholarly writing. Bern: Peter Lang; 2011. p. 173–202.



In this issue of Medical Writing
Message from the President
EMWA social media team
News from the EMA
Taming Microsoft Word®
The secrets of Microsoft Word®. Part I – ‘Find and Replace’ and en-dashes
Organising the review process in Microsoft Word®
Document templates for medical writers
Getting more out of PowerPoint®
Consolidated data analysis and presentation using an open-source add-in for the Microsoft Excel® spreadsheet software
Datavision™ – What do medical writers need to know?
Software for translators
Graphing software for medical writers
A medical writer's must-have software
Zotero: A free and open-source reference manager
Origin and development of English for Medical Purposes. Part I: Research on written medical discourse
Profile: An interview with Karina Ruth Tabacinic on some fundamental concerns of medical translation
A first-timer's perspective on the 2013 EMWA conference in Barcelona
English Grammar and Style
Regulatory Writing
The Webscout
Medical Communications
In the Bookstores
Manuscript Writing
Out On Our Own


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